10 things you can do to speed up your site
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10 things you can do to speed up your site
- Minimize HTTP Requests
- Reduce server response time
- Enable compression
- Enable browser caching
- Minify Resources
- Optimize images
- Optimize CSS Delivery
- Prioritize above-the-fold content
- Reduce the number of plugins you use on your site
- Reduce redirects
Minimize HTTP Requests
- According to Yahoo, 80% of a Web page’s load time is spent downloading the different pieces-parts of the page: images, stylesheets, scripts, Flash, etc. An HTTP request is made for each one of these elements, so the more on-page components, the longer it takes for the page to render. That being the case, the quickest way to improve site speed is to simplify your design.
- Streamline the number of elements on your page.
- Use CSS instead of images whenever possible.
- Combine multiple style sheets into one.
- Reduce scripts and put them at the bottom of the page.
- Always remember, when it comes to your website, leaner is better.
Reduce server response time
- Your target is a server response time of less than 200ms (milliseconds). And if you follow the tips in this article, you’re well on your way to achieving this.
- Google recommends using a web application monitoring solution and checking for bottlenecks in performance.
- Yslow – to evaluate your site’s speed and get tips on how to improve performance.
- Google’s PageSpeed Inside – to learn more about performance best-practice and automate the process.
- Large pages (which is what you could have if you’re creating high-quality content) are often 100kb and more. As a result, they’re bulky and slow to download. The best way to speed their load time is to zip them—a technique called compression. reduces the bandwidth of your pages, thereby reducing HTTP response. You do this with a tool called Gzip. Most web servers can compress files in Gzip format before sending them for download, either by calling a third-party module or using built-in routines.
- According to Yahoo, this can reduce download time by about 70%. And since 90% of today’s Internet traffic travels through browsers that support Gzip, it’s a great option for speeding up your site.
Enable browser caching
- When you visit a website, the elements on the page you visit are stored on your hard drive in a cache, or temporary storage, so the next time you visit the site, your browser can load the page without having to send another HTTP request to the server.
- Once the page has been loaded and the different components stored in the user’s cache, only a few components needs to be downloaded for subsequent visits. In Theurer’s test, that was just three components and .9 seconds, which shaved nearly 2 seconds off the load time.
- load time after caching
- Theurer says that 40-60% of daily visitors to your site come in with an empty cache, so it’s critical that you make your page fast for these first-time visitors. But you also need to enable caching to shave time off subsequent visits.
- WYSIWYG resources make it easy to build a Web page, but they sometimes create messy code—and that can slow your website considerably.
- Since every unnecessary piece of code adds to the size of your page, it’s important that you eliminate extra spaces, line breaks, and indentation in your code so your pages are as lean as possible.
- It also helps to minify your code. Here’s Google’s recommendation:
- To minify HTML, you can use PageSpeed Insights Chrome Extension to generate an optimized version of your HTML code. Run the analysis against your HTML page and browse to the ‘Minify HTML’ rule. Click on ‘See optimized content’ to get the optimized HTML code.
- To minify CSS, you can try YUI Compressor and cssmin.js.
- Calling all CSS to in head section and all JS in footer of the html page.
- With images, you need to focus on three things: size, format and the attributes.
- Oversized images take longer to load, so it’s important that you keep your images as small as possible. Use image editing tools to Crop your images to the correct size.
- JPEG is your best option to use in webpages.
- PNG is also good, though older browsers may not fully support it.
- GIFs should only be used for small or simple graphics (less than 10×10 pixels, or a color palette of 3 or fewer colors) and for animated images.
- Do not use BMPs or TIFFs.
- Image Must specify width and height attributes as per the resolution.
Optimize CSS Delivery
- CSS holds the style requirements for your page. Generally, your website accesses this information in one of two ways: in an external file, which loads before your page renders, and inline, which is inserted in the HTML document itself.
- You get cleaner coding if you put all CSS in your external stylesheet.
- Avoid including CSS in HTML Contents.
Prioritize above-the-fold content
- Having just recommended that you use only one CSS stylesheet and no inline CSS, there is one caveat you need to consider. You can improve user experience by having your above-the-fold (top of the page) load faster—even if the rest of the page takes a few seconds to load.
Reduce the number of plugins you use on your site
- Too many plugins or modules slow your website, create security issues, and often cause crashes and other technical difficulties.
- Try selectively disabling plugins or modules where ever it it is necessary, then measuring server performance. This way you can identify any plugins that harm your site speed.
- Redirects create additional HTTP requests and increase load time. So you want to keep them to a minimum.
- If you’ve created a responsive website, more than likely, you have redirects in place to take mobile users from your main website to the responsive version.